# 5 Easy Facts About X11 Cryptocurrency Explained

Instead, they went with Solution 2. The resulting currency, known as bitcoin cash, increased the blocksize to 8 Mb in order to accelerate the verification process to allow a performance of around two million transactions per day. In the time of writing, Bitcoin Cash is valued at \$545.00 to Bitcoins \$6,328.11.

When you hear bitcoin mining, you envisage coins being dug from the ground. But bitcoin isnt bodily, so why do we call it mining

Since its similar to gold mining in that the bitcoins exist in the protocols design (just as the gold exists underground), but they havent been brought out into the light yet (like the gold hasnt yet been awakened ). The bitcoin protocol stipulates that 21 million bitcoins will exist at some point.

They get to do so as a reward for creating cubes of validated transactions and including them in the blockchain.

Backtracking a bit, lets talk about nodes. A node is a powerful computer which runs the bitcoin software and assists keep bitcoin running by participating in the relay of information. Anyone can run a node, you just download the bitcoin applications (totally free ) and leave a certain port open (the downside is the fact that it consumes energy and storage space the network at time of writing carries up about 145GB).

One node will send information to a few nodes which it knows, that will relay the information to nodes that they know, etc.. That way it ends up getting around the entire network fairly fast. .

Some nodes are mining nodes (usually referred to as miners). These group outstanding transactions into cubes and add them into the blockchain. How can they do so by solving a complex mathematical puzzle that is part of the bitcoin app, and including the answer in the block. The puzzle that needs solving is to find a number that, when combined with the data in the block and passed via a hash function, creates a result that's within a certain range.

(For trivia lovers, this number is known as a nonce, which is a concatenation of number used once. In the instance of bitcoin, the nonce is an integer between 0 and 4,294,967,296.)

How do they find this number By guessing at random. The hash function makes it impossible to predict exactly what the output will be. So, miners suppose the mystery number and use the hash function to the combination of that guessed number and also the data in the cube. The resulting hash must begin with a pre-established number of zeroes.

Whats more, there may be several nonces that make the desired result, or there might be none (in which case the miners keep trying, but using a different block configuration). .

The first miner to get a resulting hash within the desired range announces its victory to the rest of the network. The rest of the miners immediately cease work on that block and begin trying to Get More Information find out the mystery number for your next one. As a reward for its own work, the victorious miner gets some new bitcoin. .

In the time of writing, the payoff is 12.5 bitcoins, which at time of writing is worth nearly \$200,000.

Though its not nearly as cushy a bargain as it sounds. There are a lot of mining nodes competing for that benefit, and it is a question of luck and computing power (the more guessing calculations you can perform, the luckier you are).

Also, the costs of being a mining node are considerable, not only because of the powerful hardware needed (if you've got a faster processor than your opponents, you've got a better chance of finding the right number before they do), but also due to the large amounts of electricity that running these processors consumes. .

And, the number of all bitcoins given as a reward for solving the mystery will decrease. Its 12.5 now, but it pits each four decades or so (the next one is anticipated in 2020-21). The value of bitcoin relative to cost of electricity and hardware could go up over the next few decades to partly compensate this reduction, next page but its not certain. .

The problem of this calculation (the required number of zeroes at the beginning of the hash string) is adjusted frequently, so it takes on average approximately 10 minutes to process a block.

Why 10 minutes That is the amount of time that the bitcoin programmers think is necessary for a steady and diminishing flow of new coins until the highest number of 21 million is attained (anticipated some time in 2140).